I have teens in my house, so the struggle between dependency and independence is not lost on me. Whether it’s stuggles over “Don’t tell me what to do!” immediately followed by requests for favorite food items from the grocery store and rides to various destinations, the push-pull of young people seeking to become their own people while still living under the House Rules, some of which might chafe from time to time, is clear to me.
So when I read online that people in Twenty States have filed petitions on the White House website to potentially secede with the Union, I understood why- the tension between what you want to do, and what you have to do for the greater good is coming to the forefront. While I think a petition is one thing and actual secession is another, let’s take a look at what might happen if a State wanted to secede. Let’s assume the Union is nothing more than a contractual relationship, and the parties choose to end it amicably, so no war or fighting allowed. Let’s just look at infrastructure alone. And let’s start with Louisiana, since someone from that State was the first to file such a petition.
What would happen?
1. Immediate cessation of all Governmental benefits and funding. This would mean that each and every citizen in the state on Social Security or other benefits with any federal support would stop immediately. This also includes federal projects currently underway to rebuild New Orleans by the Army Corps of Engineers. Federal courts, federal government employees, and mail service would cease to function normally.
(Yet if under the US Constitution, citizens would be granted dual citizenship by default, I suppose, I wonder how all of that would play out? Would each citizen have to choose their allegiance? Could they still get benefit checks sent over international boundaries?)
2. Louisiana would have to have its own currency, and develop an exchange rate with the US, as well as its foreign neighbors.
3. Border security would come into play, and there would be no more free crossing between States to Louisiana without passports and documentation. No more going to Mardi Gras without getting a passport first. Truckers on the interstate highway system would not be allowed to drive freely through the Former State without being subject to search at the Borders. After all, Louisiana would be like Mexico or Canada, and the same Border Security rules would be necessary. The same holds true for flights in and out of the State; All domestic carriers would be required to make sure they have licenses to fly in and out of the sovereign airspace of the Country of Louisiana. Likewise, any and all merchandise shipped up and down the Mississippi would be in question, causing companies to have to rely on rail and other forms of transportation for their goods and services.
4. Louisiana would have to establish embassies in neighboring Countries; and immediately start trade negotiations for goods and services from companies located in foreign lands.
5. Any and all protection of intellectual property rights currently enforced by the federal government would cease. Same goes for the rights and responsibilities of Corporations within the boundaries of the State. Same also goes for rules regarding the safety of highways, medications, environmental protections, agricultural practices, and more.
6. Louisiana could also be immediately cut off the national power grid, since they are no longer a participant. This would also incude cutting off licenses for broadcast for all of its TV and radio stations, along with international roaming charges for all internet and telephone communications. It might include cut-offs from information from the NOAA and the National hurricane center as well, which I think they are particularly dependent on in case of adverse weather and emergencies.
Given that the New Orleans Times Picayune reports that Louisiana currently takes more money from the federal government than it gives in taxes, Louisiana would be in deficit spending before it took on the expenses of paying for all of its infrastructure on its own, and developed its own currency. And in one key part of the article, it states:
“Louisiana’s ranking should go up in the next year with recent federal capital expenditures for long-stalled Katrina rebuilding projects, such as the Charity Hospital replacement and renovations and replacements of storm-damaged New Orleans city schools. It also could be boosted if Louisiana lawmakers are successful in allowing the Gulf states to get 85 percent of all fines paid by BP for last year’s oil spill, a measure the Obama administration supports, at least in concept.”
So for all the damage done by the BP spill, the settlement was with the federal Government, not the States, and by secession, Louisiana would give up and any all right to any such funding as well.
This also would bring into question who really owns the rights to the oil reserves in the Gulf Of Mexico, and how many are within Louisiana’s waters versus neighboring States. Could the Federal Government then blockade Louisiana’s access to those resources, knowing full well it has no army, navy, air force, nor diplomatic relations with a Country large enough to come to its aid?
While I think the petitions regarding secession are evidence of the deep and sincere concerns of people regarding the power of the Federal versus the State Government, the reality is that secession is problematic and unlikely. Many of the people who berate the federal government don’t see the benefits they get daily, whether its the federal Highway System, the Military, patent and copyright protection, free moving of commerce and travel between the States, health and safety rules regarding everything from goods in commerce to medicines and medical devices, a common currency, stock markets, and the like, all of which have small, almost invisible daily benefits to our lives that we take for granted.
In some ways, I wish one State would succeed in secession, just to see what it would look like to be on their own. Like teens who leave the nest, they find out they really didn’t have it so bad, having food appear on the table on demand, and having laundry done for them. They are surprised how expensive food can be at the grocery and how picky utility companies are about getting bills paid on time. They are shocked how expensive everything is when you don’t get an allowance and have to buy it all on your own. They are surprised by the expense of car insurance and how much it costs to see a doctor when you’re sick, and how much they miss Mom fluffing their pillows and making them soup when things go bad. And just like teenagers, they come to gradually respect Mom and Dad a little more, and realize that what they had to give in return for the benefits- a little respect, a little patience, and a little cooperation with the chores, and keeping your own room clean, weren’t such bad tradeoffs in the larger picture.
Independence and Freedom sound awesome, especially as slogans. But they come with great responsibilities, along with the power. We decided back in the mid 1800′s that it was better to hang together as a nation than go it alone. And while I think the secession petitions are more like teens looking to press the limits of their independence than true expressions of the majority of citizens in any single state to secede from the Union, we have to be careful in dealing with them. Like dealing with teens, you have to help them see the larger picture and decide, independently, that Mom and Dad really have the best interests of everyone at heart, as much as you might feel downtrodden in this instant. You have to make sure they don’t feel forced into a decision, because then the rebellion becomes stronger. They need to feel honestly that they come to the decision to stay in the Union, only after great thought and contemplation. Force won’t help. This won’t be easy.
After the Civil War, there was clamor to treat the rebel states harshly, (interestingly enough, by the Republicans in Congress), but Lincoln had wanted a soft peace, welcoming everyone back as peacefully as possible. President Johnson, a democrat, had to deal with Reconstruction, and it was not one of the more proud moments in our history, to be sure.
The passage of the 14th Amendment, which states in part:
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The 14th amendment is interpreted to make sure that all States have an equal obligation to provide for their citizens the right of any citizen in the US, although they are free to provide additional benefits and protections, if they so wish. The 14th amendment then makes the Constitution the floor, not the ceiling. If States really want to secede, what will their constitution look like? Will they adopt the US Constitution in part or in whole? What will be their rules? I doubt anyone starting these petitions have thought the matter through this completely. But again, it’s an interesting thought experiment, and one part of me would like to see a State try. They should try it out, like a kid having their first apartment. Try a few months without any support from Mom and Dad- you can take your stuff and maybe a few sticks of furniture, but that’s it. After that, you are on your own. After a few months, we can reconvene and discuss the outcome. And then, we can rationally decide what rules really do need some renegotiation, and which ones maybe aren’t so bad in practice.
In the meantime, all I know is that temper tantrums rarely lead to long term progress and solutions. They are lashing out, but the real progress comes when folks sit down and have a legitimate discussion of common ground and how to bridge the gaps. It’s not easy, but even in most divorces, parties can agree to an amicable split, although both will feel hard done by for years to come.